ScienceDaily – Artificial Intelligence News

  • With a hop, a skip and a jump, high-flying robot leaps through obstacles with ease
    First unveiled in 2016, Salto the jumping robot stands at little less than a foot, but can vault over three times its height in a single bound. Now researchers have equipped the robot with a slew of new skills, giving it the ability to bounce in place like a pogo stick and jump through obstacle courses like an agility dog. Salto can even take short jaunts outside, powered by radio controller. Read more »
  • New framework improves performance of deep neural networks
    Researchers have developed a new framework for building deep neural networks via grammar-guided network generators. In experimental testing, the new networks -- called AOGNets -- have outperformed existing state-of-the-art frameworks, including the widely used ResNet and DenseNet systems, in visual recognition tasks. Read more »
  • 'Spider-like senses' could help autonomous machines see better
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    Researchers are building 'spidey senses' into the shells of autonomous cars and drones so that they could detect and avoid objects better. Read more »
  • Dog-like robot made by students jumps, flips and trots
    Students developed a dog-like robot that can navigate tough terrain -- and they want you to make one too. Read more »
  • Artificial intelligence becomes life-long learner with new framework
    Scientists have developed a new framework for deep neural networks that allows artificial intelligence systems to better learn new tasks while forgetting less of what they have learned regarding previous tasks. Read more »
  • Toy transformers and real-life whales inspire biohybrid robot
    Researchers create a remote-controlled soft robot that can transform itself to conduct targeted drug delivery against cancer cells. Read more »
  • Helping robots remember: Hyperdimensional computing theory could change the way AI works
    A new article introduces a new way of combining perception and motor commands using the so-called hyperdimensional computing theory, which could fundamentally alter and improve the basic artificial intelligence (AI) task of sensorimotor representation -- how agents like robots translate what they sense into what they do. Read more »
  • New AI sees like a human, filling in the blanks
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    Computer scientists have taught an artificial intelligence agent how to do something that usually only humans can do -- take a few quick glimpses around and infer its whole environment, a skill necessary for the development of effective search-and-rescue robots that one day can improve the effectiveness of dangerous missions. Read more »
  • Robot therapists need rules
    Interactions with artificial intelligence (AI) will become an increasingly common aspect of our lives. A team has now completed the first study of how 'embodied AI' can help treat mental illness. Their conclusion: Important ethical questions of this technology remain unanswered. There is urgent need for action on the part of governments, professional associations and researchers. Read more »
  • Speech recognition technology is not a solution for poor readers
    Could artificial intelligence be a solution for people who cannot read well (functional illiterates) or those who cannot read at all (complete illiterates)? According to psycholinguists, speech technology should never replace learning how to read. Researchers argue that literacy leads to a better understanding of speech because good readers are good at predicting words. Read more »
  • Tech-savvy people more likely to trust digital doctors
    Would you trust a robot to diagnose your cancer? According to new research, people with high confidence in machine performance and also in their own technological capabilities are more likely to accept and use digital healthcare services and providers. Read more »
  • Inspired by a soft body of a leech: A wall-climbing robot
    Scientists have successfully developed a leech-shaped robot, 'LEeCH,' which can climb vertical walls. LEeCH is capable of elongating and bending its body without any constraints; just like a leech. Thanks to its flexible body structure and the suction cups, the robot has successfully climbed a vertical wall and even reached to the other side of the wall. Read more »
  • Use of robots and artificial intelligence to understand the deep sea
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    Artificial intelligence (AI) could help scientists shed new light on the variety of species living on the ocean floor, according to new research. Read more »
  • Hummingbird robot uses AI to soon go where drones can't
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    Researchers have engineered flying robots that behave like hummingbirds, trained by machine learning algorithms based on various techniques the bird uses naturally every day. Read more »
  • Step towards light-based, brain-like computing chip
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    Scientists have succeeded in developing a piece of hardware which could pave the way for creating computers resembling the human brain. They produced a chip containing a network of artificial neurons that works with light and can imitate neurons and their synapses. This network is able to 'learn' information and use this as a basis for computing. The approach could be used later in many different fields for evaluating patterns in large quantities of data. Read more »
  • New artificial synapse is fast, efficient and durable
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    A battery-like device could act as an artificial synapse within computing systems intended to imitate the brain's efficiency and ability to learn. Read more »
  • Putting vision models to the test
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    Neuroscientists have performed the most rigorous testing yet of computational models that mimic the brain's visual cortex. The results suggest that the current versions of these models are similar enough to the brain to allow them to actually control brain states in animals. Read more »
  • Half a face enough for recognition technology
    Facial recognition technology works even when only half a face is visible, researchers have found. Read more »
  • An army of micro-robots can wipe out dental plaque
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    A swarm of micro-robots, directed by magnets, can break apart and remove dental biofilm, or plaque, from a tooth. The innovation arose from a cross-disciplinary partnership among dentists, biologists, and engineers. Read more »
  • Magnets can help AI get closer to the efficiency of the human brain
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    Researchers have developed a process to use magnetics with brain-like networks to program and teach devices such as personal robots, self-driving cars and drones to better generalize about different objects. Read more »
  • A first in medical robotics: Autonomous navigation inside the body
    Bioengineers report the first demonstration of a robot able to navigate autonomously inside the body. In an animal model of cardiac valve repair, the team programmed a robotic catheter to find its way along the walls of a beating, blood-filled heart to a leaky valve -- without a surgeon's guidance. Read more »
  • Synthetic speech generated from brain recordings
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    A state-of-the-art brain-machine interface created by neuroscientists can generate natural-sounding synthetic speech by using brain activity to control a virtual vocal tract -- an anatomically detailed computer simulation including the lips, jaw, tongue, and larynx. The study was conducted in research participants with intact speech, but the technology could one day restore the voices of people who have lost the ability to speak due to paralysis or neurological damage. Read more »
  • New way to 'see' objects accelerates the future of self-driving cars
    Researchers have discovered a simple, cost-effective, and accurate new method for equipping self-driving cars with the tools needed to perceive 3D objects in their path. Read more »
  • Snake-inspired robot slithers even better than predecessor
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    Researchers from the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) have developed a new and improved snake-inspired soft robot that is faster and more precise than its predecessor. Read more »
  • Adding human touch to unchatty chatbots may lead to bigger letdown
    Sorry, Siri, but just giving a chatbot a human name or adding humanlike features to its avatar might not be enough to win over a user if the device fails to maintain a conversational back-and-forth with that person, according to researchers. In fact, those humanlike features might create a backlash against less responsive humanlike chatbots. Read more »
  • Using the physics of airflows to locate gaseous leaks more quickly in complex scenarios
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    Engineers are developing a smart robotic system for sniffing out pollution hotspots and sources of toxic leaks. Their approach enables a robot to incorporate calculations made on the fly to account for the complex airflows of confined spaces rather than simply 'following its nose.' Read more »
  • Can science writing be automated?
    A team of researchers has developed a neural network, a form of artificial intelligence, that can read scientific papers and render a plain-English summary in a sentence or two. Read more »
  • Why language technology can't handle Game of Thrones (yet)
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    Researchers have performed a thorough evaluation of four different name recognition tools on popular 40 novels, including A Game of Thrones. Their analyses highlight types of names and texts that are particularly challenging for these tools to identify as well as solutions for mitigating this. Read more »
  • Giving robots a better feel for object manipulation
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    A new learning system improves robots' abilities to mold materials into target shapes and make predictions about interacting with solid objects and liquids. The system, known as a learning-based particle simulator, could give industrial robots a more refined touch -- and it may have fun applications in personal robotics, such as modelling clay shapes or rolling sticky rice for sushi. Read more »
  • Harnessing microorganisms for smart microsystems
    A research team has developed a method to construct a biohybrid system that incorporates Vorticella microorganisms. The method allows movable structures to be formed in a microchannel and harnessed to Vorticella. The biohybrid system demonstrates the conversion of motion from linear motion to rotation. These fundamental technologies help researchers to create wearable smart microsystems by using autonomous microorganisms. Read more »
  • Scientists build a machine to see all possible futures
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    Researchers have implemented a prototype quantum device that can generate and analyze a quantum superposition of possible futures. Using a novel quantum algorithm, the possible outcomes of a decision process are encoded as a superposition of different photon locations. Using interferometry, the team show that it is possible to conduct a search through the set of possible futures without looking at each future individually. Read more »
  • AI agent offers rationales using everyday language to explain its actions
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    Researchers have developed an artificially intelligent (AI) agent that can automatically generate natural language explanations in real-time to convey the motivations behind its actions. Read more »
  • Engineers tap DNA to create 'lifelike' machines
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    Tapping into the unique nature of DNA, engineers have created simple machines constructed of biomaterials with properties of living things. Read more »
  • Meet Blue, the low-cost, human-friendly robot designed for AI
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    Researchers have created a new low-cost, human friendly robot named Blue, designed to use recent advances in artificial intelligence and deep reinforcement learning to master intricate human tasks, all while remaining affordable and safe enough that every AI researcher could have one. The team hopes Blue will accelerate the development of robotics for the home. Read more »
  • The cost of computation
    There's been a rapid resurgence of interest in understanding the energy cost of computing. Recent advances in this 'thermodynamics of computation' are now summarized. Read more »
  • Robots created with 3D printers could be caring for those in golden years
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    Researchers have developed a new design method to create soft robots that may help in caregiving for elderly family members. Read more »
  • Laying the ground for robotic strategies in environmental protection
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    Roboticists have developed a robot named 'Romu' that can autonomously drive interlocking steel sheet piles into soil. The structures that it builds could function as retaining walls or check dams for erosion control, and, according to computer simulations, the robot could be deployed in swarms to help protect threatened areas that are flooded or extremely arid more effectively. Read more »
  • Teaching computers to intelligently design 'billions' of possible materials
    Researchers are applying one of the first uses of deep learning -- the technology computers use to intelligently perform tasks such as recognizing language and driving autonomous vehicles -- to the field of materials science. Read more »
  • Artificial intelligence enables recognizing and assessing a violinist's bow movements
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    In playing music, gestures are extremely important, in part because they are directly related to the sound and the expressiveness of the musicians. Today, technology exists that captures movement and is capable of detecting gestural details very precisely. Read more »
  • New, more realistic simulator will improve self-driving vehicle safety before road testing
    Scientists have developed data-driven simulation technology that combines photos, videos, real-world trajectory, and behavioral data into a scalable, realistic autonomous driving simulator. Read more »
  • A rubber computer eliminates the last hard components from soft robots
    A new rubber computer combines the feel of a human hand with the thought process of an electronic computer, replacing the last hard components in soft robots. Now, soft robotics can travel where metals and electronics cannot -- like high-radiation disaster areas, outer-space, and deep underwater -- and turn invisible to the naked eye or even sonar detection. Read more »
  • Researchers get humans to think like computers
    Computers, like those that power self-driving cars, can be tricked into mistaking random scribbles for trains, fences and even school buses. People aren't supposed to be able to see how those images trip up computers but in a new study, researchers show most people actually can. Read more »
  • Brain-inspired AI inspires insights about the brain (and vice versa)
    Researchers have described the results of experiments that used artificial neural networks to predict with greater accuracy than ever before how different areas in the brain respond to specific words. The work employed a type of recurrent neural network called long short-term memory (LSTM) that includes in its calculations the relationships of each word to what came before to better preserve context. Read more »
  • Robotic 'gray goo'
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    Researchers have demonstrated for the first time a way to make a robot composed of many loosely coupled components, or 'particles.' Unlike swarm or modular robots, each component is simple, and has no individual address or identity. In their system, which the researchers call a 'particle robot,' each particle can perform only uniform volumetric oscillations (slightly expanding and contracting), but cannot move independently. Read more »
  • Google research shows how AI can make ophthalmologists more effective
    As artificial intelligence continues to evolve, diagnosing disease faster and potentially with greater accuracy than physicians, some have suggested that technology may soon replace tasks that physicians currently perform. But a new study shows that physicians and algorithms working together are more effective than either alone. Read more »
  • The robots that dementia caregivers want: Robots for joy, robots for sorrow
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    A team of scientists spent six months co-designing robots with informal caregivers for people with dementia, such as family members. They found that caregivers wanted the robots to fulfill two major roles: support positive moments shared by caregivers and their loved ones; and lessen caregivers' emotional stress by taking on difficult tasks, such as answering repeated questions and restricting unhealthy food. Read more »
  • Water-resistant electronic skin with self-healing abilities created
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    Inspired by jellyfish, researchers have created an electronic skin that is transparent, stretchable, touch-sensitive, and repairs itself in both wet and dry conditions. The novel material has wide-ranging uses, from water-resistant touch screens to soft robots aimed at mimicking biological tissues. Read more »
  • Seeing through a robot's eyes helps those with profound motor impairments
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    An interface system that uses augmented reality technology could help individuals with profound motor impairments operate a humanoid robot to feed themselves and perform routine personal care tasks such as scratching an itch and applying skin lotion. The web-based interface displays a 'robot's eye view' of surroundings to help users interact with the world through the machine. Read more »
  • Can artificial intelligence solve the mysteries of quantum physics?
    A new study has demonstrated mathematically that algorithms based on deep neural networks can be applied to better understand the world of quantum physics, as well. Read more »
  • How intelligent is artificial intelligence?
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    Scientists are putting AI systems to a test. Researchers have developed a method to provided a glimpse into the diverse 'intelligence' spectrum observed in current AI systems, specifically analyzing these AI systems with a novel technology that allows automatized analysis and quantification. Read more »
  • Faster robots demoralize co-workers
    New research finds that when robots are beating humans in contests for cash prizes, people consider themselves less competent and expend slightly less effort -- and they tend to dislike the robots. Read more »
  • A robotic leg, born without prior knowledge, learns to walk
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    Researchers believe they have become the first to create an AI-controlled robotic limb driven by animal-like tendons that can even be tripped up and then recover within the time of the next footfall, a task for which the robot was never explicitly programmed to do. Read more »
  • How to train your robot (to feed you dinner)
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    Researchers have developed a robotic system that can feed people who need someone to help them eat. Read more »
  • Ultra-low power chips help make small robots more capable
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    An ultra-low power hybrid chip inspired by the brain could help give palm-sized robots the ability to collaborate and learn from their experiences. Combined with new generations of low-power motors and sensors, the new application-specific integrated circuit (ASIC) -- which operates on milliwatts of power -- could help intelligent swarm robots operate for hours instead of minutes. Read more »
  • Robots can detect breast cancer as well as radiologists
    A new article suggests that artificial intelligence systems may be able to perform as accurately as radiologists in the evaluation of digital mammography in breast cancer screening. Read more »
  • Neurodegenerative diseases identified using artificial intelligence
    Researchers have developed an artificial intelligence platform to detect a range of neurodegenerative disease in human brain tissue samples, including Alzheimer's disease and chronic traumatic encephalopathy. Read more »
  • Mini cheetah is the first four-legged robot to do a backflip
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    New mini cheetah robot is springy and light on its feet, with a range of motion that rivals a champion gymnast. The four-legged powerpack can bend and swing its legs wide, enabling it to walk either right-side up or upside down. The robot can also trot over uneven terrain about twice as fast as an average person's walking speed. Read more »
  • Spiking tool improves artificially intelligent devices
    The aptly named software package Whetstone enables neural computer networks to process information up to 100 times more efficiently than current standards, making possible an increased use of artificial intelligence in mobile phones, self-driving cars, and image interpretation. Read more »
  • Robots track moving objects with unprecedented precision
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    A novel system uses RFID tags to help robots home in on moving objects with unprecedented speed and accuracy. The system could enable greater collaboration and precision by robots working on packaging and assembly, and by swarms of drones carrying out search-and-rescue missions. Read more »
  • Artificial intelligence to boost Earth system science
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    A new study shows that artificial intelligence can substantially improve our understanding of the climate and the Earth system. Read more »
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